XR Educational Classrooms for Health Sciences

Introduction Immersive technologies such as Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Mixed Reality (MR) – known together as Extended Reality (XR) – are moving from a source of entertainment into a new technology for education. The University of Utah is a leader in this effort with 16 departments across campus conducting cutting-edge research in …

Public Health Clinicals During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons Learned

Abstract Public health nursing clinical courses serve an essential role in the education of prelicensure baccalaureate students. When clinical sites closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it provided new opportunities for integrating virtual platforms into nursing clinicals. The new structure for the clinical courses included assignments using virtual software, synchronous online classes, and blended learning …

Social isolation and social media consumption among graduate students during COVID-19: An examination using Social Comparison Theory

Introduction The COVID-19 crisis transformed the way we communicate with each other. Pre-existing theoretical frameworks can build structure out of the chaos; social-interaction theory is one of these. During our social distancing and prior to the vaccine’s arrival, physical distancing was adopted as the primary strategy to ‘flatten the curve’ of the virus’s spread. The …

Evaluating Teaching Methods about Obstetrical Emergencies among Comadronas in Urban Guatemala

Abstract Background: Indigenous traditional midwives attend 60% of all births in Guatemala where maternal deaths are the highest in Central America at 95 deaths per 100,000 births, and 90% of births in rural areas where maternal deaths are as high as 290 deaths per 100,000 births. Understanding how low-literacy traditional midwives, called “comadronas” in Spanish, …

Virtual Shadowing as an Effective Approach to Gaining Exposure to the Field of Emergency Medicine

Introduction Physician shadowing plays a critical role in the education and professional development of medical students during their pre-clinical years. Many medical education programs require undergraduate shadowing as criteria for admission1. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely restricted access to the hospital for medical and premedical students, thereby impeding their career exploration, education, and access to …

Development of a Situational Judgement Test to Assess Student Clinical Preparedness

Abstract Problem Traditional assessment metrics (e.g., GPA, final exams, quizzes) do not adequately capture the breadth of knowledge and skillsets required to be successful in clinical settings. As students move from classroom-based curriculum to a more hands-on clinical curriculum, assessment methods and tools need to be developed to assess a student’s preparedness to enter these …

Adult Learning Theory

Abstract Andragogy, the art and science of helping adults learn, gained popularity in the 1970s, often based on Malcolm Knowles (1970, 1984) assumptions regarding adults as learners. This non-neuropsychological learning theory posits adults see themselves as self-directed learners, can call on their prior experience as a resource for learning, are motivated by the desire to …

Comparison of a Self-Care Therapeutics Course Taught in the P1 versus the P2 Year

Published in Journal of Pharmacy Practice: https://doi.org/10.1177/08971900211038860 Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare student learning outcomes, behaviors, and attitudes in a non-prescription drug and self-care therapeutics course taught in the second professional (P2) year versus the first professional (P1) year at one pharmacy school. Methods: Mean performance of students by class …

A Soundboard Approach to Facilitate Effective Feedback to Health Professions Trainees

Abstract It is well known that health professions trainees benefit from feedback that is timely, constructive, and focused on observable behaviors.  However, providing such feedback becomes increasingly more difficult in situations where either the stakes (possible negative outcomes) or the trainees’ resistance to the feedback increases, or both.  In this short communication, we use the …