Virtual Shadowing as an Effective Approach to Gaining Exposure to the Field of Emergency Medicine

Introduction Physician shadowing plays a critical role in the education and professional development of medical students during their pre-clinical years. Many medical education programs require undergraduate shadowing as criteria for admission1. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely restricted access to the hospital for medical and premedical students, thereby impeding their career exploration, education, and access to …

Development of a Situational Judgement Test to Assess Student Clinical Preparedness

Abstract Problem Traditional assessment metrics (e.g., GPA, final exams, quizzes) do not adequately capture the breadth of knowledge and skillsets required to be successful in clinical settings. As students move from classroom-based curriculum to a more hands-on clinical curriculum, assessment methods and tools need to be developed to assess a student’s preparedness to enter these …

Adult Learning Theory

Abstract Andragogy, the art and science of helping adults learn, gained popularity in the 1970s, often based on Malcolm Knowles (1970, 1984) assumptions regarding adults as learners. This non-neuropsychological learning theory posits adults see themselves as self-directed learners, can call on their prior experience as a resource for learning, are motivated by the desire to …

Comparison of a Self-Care Therapeutics Course Taught in the P1 versus the P2 Year

Published in Journal of Pharmacy Practice: https://doi.org/10.1177/08971900211038860 Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to compare student learning outcomes, behaviors, and attitudes in a non-prescription drug and self-care therapeutics course taught in the second professional (P2) year versus the first professional (P1) year at one pharmacy school. Methods: Mean performance of students by class …

A Soundboard Approach to Facilitate Effective Feedback to Health Professions Trainees

Abstract It is well known that health professions trainees benefit from feedback that is timely, constructive, and focused on observable behaviors.  However, providing such feedback becomes increasingly more difficult in situations where either the stakes (possible negative outcomes) or the trainees’ resistance to the feedback increases, or both.  In this short communication, we use the …

American Association of Neurological Surgeons Joint Sponsored Activities: A longitudinal comparison of learning objectives and intent-to-change statements by meeting participants (Abstract)

Abstract Background: Continuing medical education (CME) activities are required for physician board certification, licensure, and hospital privileges. CME activities are designed to specifically address professional knowledge or practice gaps. We examined statements taken from participants of their “intent-to-change” as data to determine whether the CME activity content achieved a stated learning objective. Methods: We performed …

One-Minute Preceptor: An Efficient and Effective Teaching Tool

This document will become one of many chapters in a text book on education in the health professions to be published by Oxford University Press. All of the chapters in the textbook will follow a Problem-based Learning (PBL) format dictated by the editors and used by these authors. Abstract As learners progress from early health …

Assessment of Learners

This document will become one of many chapters in a text book on education in the health professions to be published by Oxford University Press. All of the chapters in the textbook will follow a Problem-based Learning (PBL) format dictated by the editors and used by these authors. Learning objectives Compare and contrast feedback, formative …

Feasibility and Benefit of Using a Community-Sponsored, Team-Based Management Project in a Pharmacy Leadership Course

Abstract Objective. Assess the impact of community-sponsored, team-based management projects in a leadership and management course on PharmD students’ teamwork skills and project sponsor satisfaction.  Design. Third-year pharmacy students were divided into eight to ten groups to complete a project proposed by local pharmacists as a “lab” to practice teamwork skills. Projects intended to meet a …